Posted: December 7, 2013 in Breaking News, News

Reposted from…


by unir1radio • December 6, 2013


Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, a politician, a philanthropist that led his government againt the dismantling of apartheid taking away racism, poverty and inequality and replacing it with empowering reconsiliation. Mandela served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999 and was often described as “the father of the nation”. He was the first black South African to hold the office, and the first elected in a fully representative election. Nelson Mandela served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997 and Internationally, was Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999.

Nelson Mandela School Years

Mandela attended the Fort Hare University and the University of Witwatersrand, where he studied law. He became involved in anti-colonial politics, joining the ANC and becoming a founding member of its Youth League. He rose to prominence in the ANC’s 1952 Defiance Campaign, was appointed superintendent of the organisation’s Transvaal chapter and presided over the 1955 Congress of the People. Working as a lawyer, he was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and, with the ANC leadership, was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the Treason Trial from 1956 to 1961. Mandela also co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) in 1961 in association with the South African Communist Party, leading a sabotage campaign against the apartheid government. In 1962 he was arrested, convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the government, and sentenced to life imprisonment in the Rivonia Trial.

Mandela served 27 years in prison, initially on Robben Island, and later in Pollsmoor Prison and Victor Verster Prison. An international campaign lobbied for his release, which finally was granted in 1990 amid escalating civil strife. Mandela published his autobiography and opened negotiations with President F.W. de Klerk to abolish apartheid and establish multiracial elections in 1994, in which he led the ANC to victory. As South Africa’s first black president Mandela formed a Government of National Unity in an attempt to defuse racial tension. He also promulgated a new constitution and created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Continuing the former government’s liberal economic policy, his administration introduced measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator between Libya and the United Kingdom in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial, and oversaw military intervention in Lesotho. He declined to run for a second term, and was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela subsequently became an elder statesman, focusing on charitable work in combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the Nelson Mandela Foundation.

706x410q70brooks on mandela legacy
Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life, however he gained international acclaim for his activism, having received more than 250 honours, including the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, the US Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Soviet Order of Lenin and the Bharat Ratna. He is held in deep respect within South Africa and across the globe.

Nelson Mandela and Michael Jackson

Nelson Mandela and Michael Jackson

Nelson Mandela died at 8:50 p.m. (1:50 p.m. ET) Thursday, December 5th surrounded by family.  He was 95.


UNIR1 Radio Transparent October 2013 500x315


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